Introduction to Position Trading Strategy

Kopito Academy
01 Aug 2023

Introduction to the Position Trading Strategy


Position trading strategy is an approach in trading stocks, forex, commodities, and other financial instruments where traders hold their positions for a long period, often for months or even years.

This type of trading is often based on fundamental analysis, which involves examining economic, political, and social factors that can influence the price of a stock, currency, or any other asset. While technical analysis, which involves studying price and volume patterns, can also play a role in position trading decisions, fundamental analyses carry more weight and significance in this strategy.

Position trading strategy is primarily suitable for individuals seeking long-term returns and who have the ability to withstand short-term market fluctuations. These traders aim to identify and utilize long-term price trends to achieve substantial profits over extended periods instead of focusing on short-term gains.

Position trading strategy has been used for a very long time, as traders have always been looking for long-term investment opportunities. However, with technological advancements and financial innovations, individuals' ability to engage in position trading has increased.

In the early years of capital markets, which were often associated with physical and telephone-based trading, position trading was the most prevalent strategy. With the expansion of technology and communications, short-term trading strategies such as day trading and scalping became feasible. Nonetheless, position trading remained one of the primary approaches for long-term traders.

Entering the digital age and gaining access to more information, the position trading strategy has significantly evolved. Now, traders can use more sophisticated tools and extensive data for decision-making, enabling them to create more diverse approaches within the position trading strategy.

Position trading strategy is suitable for traders seeking long-term profitability and who can tolerate short-term price fluctuations. This method is utilized in many financial markets, including stocks, forex, commodities, and some derivative markets.

Advantages of Using the Position Trading Strategy

What are the advantages of using the Position Trading Strategy?

The advantages of using the position trading strategy include the following:

Long-Term Returns

Position traders aim for long-term profitability by holding assets for an extended period.

Reduced Transaction Costs

Compared to short-term trading methods like day trading, the position trading strategy can lead to lower transaction costs as fewer trades are executed.

Less Need for Real-Time Monitoring

Unlike short-term trading strategies, position traders do not require real-time market monitoring. This can reduce stress and provide more time for analyzing and identifying new opportunities.

Utilization of Fundamental Analysis

Position trading strategy often relies on fundamental analysis, which can provide traders with a deeper understanding of the assets and markets they are trading.

Ability to Withstand Market Fluctuations

In position trading, traders can hold their assets during market downturns and wait for overall market recovery. This contrasts with short-term strategies that may struggle to perform well under such conditions.

However, the position trading strategy requires patience, thorough research, and proper risk management. Traders also need sufficient financial capability to hold assets for an extended period and tolerate temporary losses.

Despite technological advancements and data availability, the fundamental principles of the position trading strategy remain unchanged: conducting comprehensive analysis of economic, political, and social factors that can impact asset prices and holding those assets for the long term to achieve substantial profits.

While position trading strategy often relies on fundamental analysis, technical analysis can also play a significant role in this approach. Technical analysis can help traders determine the right timing for entering and exiting a trade and identify price trends, chart patterns, support, and resistance levels.

What Tools Do Position Traders Use for Technical Analysis?

Introduction to the tools used by position traders for technical analysis

Position traders can utilize various tools for technical analysis. Some of these tools include:


Line charts, bar charts, and candlestick charts are some of the common charts that traders use. You need charts for implementing technical analysis, and you can use any chart type depending on your preferred analytical method. If you are interested in learning more about charts, we recommend reading the article "Types of Price Charts in Forex."

Technical Indicators

Traders can use indicators such as moving averages, Ichimoku, RSI (Relative Strength Index), MACD (Moving Average Convergence Divergence), and many others.

Chart Patterns

Chart patterns like head and shoulders, flags, triangles, and wedges can serve as indicators of long-term price trends.

Support and Resistance Lines

Support and resistance lines are critical elements of technical analysis, and significant market events often occur around these levels. Price may either break through these levels and continue its trend or bounce back from them.

Position traders can use technical analysis as a supplementary tool to confirm or reject opportunities identified through fundamental analysis. However, like any trading strategy, there are no guarantees, and traders should always follow their risk management strategies.

Fundamental Analysis in Position Trading

Fundamental analysis involves a thorough examination of macroeconomic principles, including studying economic indicators and central bank policies. At a higher level, it can encompass analyzing macroeconomic factors such as unemployment rates, interest rates, GDP growth, inflation data, and other economic indicators.

In position trading, fundamental analysis plays a vital role. Position traders seek to invest in assets they believe will have higher value in the long term. To make decisions in this regard, they must employ in-depth and comprehensive fundamental analysis.

For instance, if a position trader intends to invest in a company's stocks, they need to review the company's financial performance, industry competition, overall economic trends, and other factors that can influence the company's future performance.

Additionally, traders should be aware that fundamental analysis requires more time and effort compared to technical analysis. However, this approach can lead to a better understanding of an asset's true value and its potential for the future.

Risk Management in Position Trading

Risk management is of paramount importance in any trading strategy, including position trading. Preserving capital and reducing the likelihood of losses are primary goals of risk management. Below are some key approaches to risk management in position trading:

1.Setting Acceptable Loss Levels:

Traders should determine the maximum loss they are willing to tolerate before entering any trade. This can be expressed as a percentage of their overall capital.

2.Using Stop-Loss Orders:

This feature allows traders to close their trades at a predefined level and avoid exceeding the set loss threshold.

3.Diversification of Investments:

This strategy, which involves spreading capital among multiple assets or markets, can help reduce risk. If one particular asset or market performs poorly, other assets or markets may compensate for some of the losses.

4.Periodic Review:

As position trades can remain open for extended periods, it is essential for traders to periodically review their trades and make necessary adjustments. This might include redefining acceptable loss levels or reallocating capital to different assets.

It is crucial to understand that while risk management can help mitigate potential losses, no strategy can completely eliminate the risk. Therefore, traders must always be prepared to tolerate some losses.

The future of the position trading strategy is influenced by various factors, including technology advancements, market growth, political and economic changes, and market competitiveness. Below, we examine several potential opportunities and threats for the future of this trading strategy:

Opportunities of Position Trading Strategy


Advancements in technology have made access to information and analytical tools easier. This feature can assist position traders in making better and faster decisions.

2. Emerging Market Growth:

Emerging markets, such as the digital currency market and other new investment opportunities, can provide more prospects for position traders.

Threats of Position Trading Strategy

1.Political and Economic Changes:

Unexpected political or economic changes can impact the markets and, consequently, affect position trading strategies.

2. High Competition:

Financial markets are competitive, and an increase in the number of traders and the use of new technologies may lead to heightened competition. This could make it more challenging for traders to find suitable investment opportunities.

Traders must continuously be aware of these opportunities and threats and adjust their strategies accordingly.


The position trading strategy is a long-term investment approach that seeks profitability from long-term price changes in assets. Given the long-term nature of this strategy, traders need to conduct in-depth fundamental analysis and be prepared to withstand short-term market fluctuations for an extended period.

Furthermore, risk management plays a vital role in this strategy as traders must protect their capital against sudden market changes. This may involve setting acceptable loss levels, using stop-loss orders, diversifying capital, and regularly reviewing trades.

Looking into the future, the position trading strategy continues to present various opportunities and threats. Technological advancements and growth in emerging markets can create new opportunities for traders, while political and economic changes and increased competition may pose threats to this strategy.

Ultimately, success in the position trading strategy requires precise fundamental analysis, effective risk management, and the ability to adapt to market changes.